How to Report TCPA Violations 

What is Prohibited under the TCPA

Understanding Violations of the Telephone Consumer Protection Act

In today’s digitally connected world, your phone is more than just a communication tool – it’s an extension of your personal space. 

This makes unsolicited pre-recorded calls and messages not just annoying, but invasive. 

Moreover, these unwanted calls create disruptions and expose us to scams.

Recognizing the need to protect consumers from the onslaught of these invaders, the U.S. government enacted the Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA) in 1991. 

This federal law sets the rules for telemarketers and others who want to reach you by phone, whether through calls or text messages.

Understanding what the TCPA prohibits can equip you with the knowledge you need to safeguard your privacy and take action if someone crosses the line. 

If you’ve been on the receiving end of pre-recorded calls or you are on the National Do Not Call Registry and still receive telemarketing calls, consult with an experienced TCPA lawyer

An attorney who focuses on consumer protection laws can offer personalized guidance on how to protect your rights and potentially seek compensation from violators of the TCPA

The History of the TCPA

The Telephone Consumer Protection Act was signed into law in 1991. Back then, the cell phone that we have today was far from being in everyone’s hands like it is now, and telemarketing was just starting to become increasingly prevalent. 

The primary aim of this federal telephone law was to give consumers a say in how and when companies could contact them. 

Legislators recognized that the barrage of unsolicited calls was more than just a nuisance – it was an intrusion into people’s personal lives.

Over the years, as technology advanced, so did the scope of the TCPA. Initially intended to govern landline phone calls, the act has been expanded to cover cell phones, text messages, and even unsolicited faxes. 

Legal interpretations and court rulings have also played a significant role in shaping the act, making it adaptable to the modern age.

In essence, the TCPA has served as a dynamic framework that evolves in response to technological changes and emerging trends in communication. 

Its enduring relevance proves its importance in regulating telemarketing activities and protecting consumer privacy.

What Are the Types of Communication Covered by the TCPA?

While originally designed to address issues related to landline telemarketing, the TCPA has evolved to encapsulate a broader range of communication methods. 

Becoming familiar with the various types of contact the act governs will help you identify when a potential violation occurs.

Phone Calls

The TCPA regulates both landline and mobile phone calls. Specifically, the Act regulates the types of calls made for advertising or telemarketing. 

It also includes calls made using an “autodialer,” which is a device capable of dialing numbers without human intervention.

Text Messages

In our text-savvy world, unsolicited text messages can be just as intrusive as phone calls. The TCPA also covers texts and requires consent for marketers to send you promotional messages.


Although less common today, unsolicited faxes are also addressed by the TCPA. If you’re still using a fax machine, know that the act provides guidelines on what constitutes a legal fax communication.

Voicemails and Pre-Recorded Messages

The use of pre-recorded voice messages for marketing purposes also falls under the purview of the TCPA. 

If you’ve ever received a voicemail that starts playing a pre-recorded advertisement as soon as you pick up, you’ve likely encountered a communication method regulated by this law.

By covering a wide array of communication methods, the TCPA aims to offer comprehensive protections for consumers. 

Understanding these categories can help you assess whether a call, text, or fax you’ve received may be violating the law.

If you think you’ve received communications that run afoul of these guidelines, speak with a TCPA Lawyer for help.

What is Prohibited Under the TCPA?

Understanding what the TCPA specifically prohibits can help you gauge whether you’ve been a victim of illegal telemarketing or spam activities. 

The following are some of the key restrictions under the act.

  • Unsolicited Calls. One of the main objectives of the TCPA is to curtail unsolicited calls. In many cases, if you have consented to be contacted, it is generally unlawful for telemarketers to call you. 
  • RobocallsRobocalls, or pre-recorded automated calls, are another primary target of the TCPA. Without prior written consent, pre-recorded auto-dialed calls to both landlines and cell phones are prohibited.
  • No Opt-Out Mechanism. Any telemarketing call, text, or fax must provide an easy and accessible way for you to opt out of future communications. Failure to do so is a violation of the TCPA.
  • Calling Outside Permissible Hours. The TCPA sets “quiet hours” between 9 p.m. and 8 a.m. Any calls placed outside of these hours are typically considered a violation unless you have given explicit permission to be contacted during those times.
  • Do-Not-Call List Violations. Marketers should not contact you if your number is on the National Do-Not-Call Registry. Violating this rule is another way companies can run afoul of the TCPA.
  • Caller ID Spoofing. Some entities will manipulate their caller ID information to deceive the call recipient. This deceptive practice is also prohibited under the TCPA.

By knowing these prohibitions, you can be more aware of your rights and take appropriate action if you believe you’ve been a victim. 

There are boundaries for what communication companies can and cannot do, offering you a way to fight back against pre-recorded robocalls and violators of the Do Not Call Registry. 

Consult a consumer protection attorney for tailored guidance on how to proceed.

What Are Some Penalties for TCPA Violations

Being on the receiving end of incessant, unsolicited pre-recorded calls or texts can be more than just a minor annoyance because it can be an infringement on your rights. 

Additionally, if you received an unwanted call after your number was on the National Registry for 31 days, the TCPA offers the following avenues when you’ve been targeted by a company that uses a telephone as their weapon.  

Statutory Damages

One of the most immediate forms of relief available under the TCPA is statutory damages. 

For each violation, the affected party can seek damages typically ranging from $500 to $1,500. 

These amounts can serve as a strong deterrent against unlawful telemarketing activities.

Class Action Lawsuits

If a telemarketing company is committing widespread TCPA violations, a class action lawsuit could be a viable option. These suits can lead to substantial settlements, offering a more significant financial deterrent for companies to abide by the law.

Cease and Desist Orders

An attorney who represents TCPA victims can issue a cease and desist order against the offending company. This formal request legally compels the company to stop its TCPA-violating activities or face further legal consequences.


For those who wish to take the matter to court, litigation is another avenue for seeking remedies. This involves presenting your case before a judge and potentially recovering damages, as well as stopping the offending behavior.


Courts have the power to issue injunctions against companies that repeatedly violate the TCPA. These injunctions can halt unlawful activities and provide immediate relief from ongoing harassment.

How a TCPA Attorney Can Help

If you’re fed up with pre-recorded calls or your number is on the National Do Not Call Registry and you still receive calls from telemarketers, a TCPA lawyer can help.  

TCPA serves to protect your rights and gives you options for seeking relief. When companies violate legal boundaries, there are ways to fight back. 

The law outlines various penalties, including statutory damages and injunctions, designed to discourage and punish companies from violating its terms. 

Additionally, the option to join a class action suit amplifies your ability to hold offending companies accountable.

Don’t underestimate your rights under the TCPA. Companies can face serious consequences for violating this law, but it falls on you to initiate action. 

If you suspect you’ve been affected by unlawful practices under the TCPA, a consultation with a legal professional can provide personalized advice on your next steps.          

Contact a TCPA Lawyer Today

Over $1 Billion Won for Consumers Nationwide 

Laws like the TCPA were enacted to protect consumers like you. While the rules and penalties may seem straightforward, new laws and changes to the TCPA are added by states and the federal government on a regular basis. 

Trying to interpret this evolving law without the aid of an attorney can be challenging.

A TCPA lawyer can assess your unique situation, help you understand your rights, and guide you through the legal avenues available for obtaining relief. 

From filing a claim for statutory damages to potentially joining a class action suit, a skilled lawyer can be a vital ally in your pursuit of justice.

Whether you’re in the initial stages of dealing with pre-recorded communications or receiving calls after you’ve registered your number, you can take legal action by consulting a TCPA lawyer. 

Abbas Kazerounian, Esq. Experienced Consumer Protection Lawyer
Abbas Kazerounian, Esq., TCPA Lawyer

A consumer protection attorney can provide the personalized counsel you need to make informed decisions.

Contact a TCPA lawyer from Kazerouni Law Group for a free consultation to discuss your concerns and figure out your next steps. 

Remember, you’re not just a phone number on a list. You have rights, and a TCPA lawyer can help you assert them. Call 800-400-6808 or contact a nationwide consumer protection lawyer online.

Scroll to Top